Editor’s Note: This is part of A Is For Atlanta’s ongoing series profiling architectural styles. Each profile represents a category of homes listed in the FMLS, the Atlanta-area multiple listing service.
America’s colonial period encompassed a number of housing types and styles, including Cape Cod, Saltbox, Georgian, and Dutch Colonial (see examples below). However, the definition of Colonial style refers to a rectangular, symmetrical home with bedrooms on the second floor. An example of a common colonial found in Georgia is the ubiquitous “five-four-and-a-door” Center Hall Colonial. The double-hung windows usually have many small, equally sized square panes. A Saltbox Colonial is modest in size with a roof that angles much lower on one side of the house than on the other. A typical Georgian Colonial has a rectangular shape, brick or simple siding exterior, double hung windows with no shutters, and a gabled entrance often flanked by Greek columns. Dutch Colonial houses are typically a tall one-and-one-half story building with a large flank-gambrel roof containing the second floor and attic. The lower roof slopes at both front and rear are broken by large full-width shed dormers on the second story level; the dormers usually dominate the roof, and the gambrel form is sometimes evident only on the end walls.
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Edit Credit: This FMLS article is based on research from numerous sources, including but not limited to: Architectural Digest Magazine, REALTOR.org® Architecture Guide, REALTOR.org® Architecture Coach, Traditional Home Magazine, Wikipedia, GreatBuildings.com, PreservationDirectory.com, Architecture.About.com, HomePlans.com, CraftsmanPerspective.com and AntiqueHome.org.